Determination of Renal Changes by Ultrasonography in Patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

Nosheen Arshad, Muhammad Rohail Amjad, Saba Ajmal, Muhammad Talha Zia, Amir Ali, Tayyaba Sakhawat, Haris Ahmad Ameen, Hassan Raza, Homaina Ijaz, Fahmeeda Ansari, S. Muhammad Yousaf farooq


Background: Diabetes Type 2 causes damage to the kidneys; leading to diabetic nephropathy and high blood pressure. The aim of this study is determination of renal changes on ultrasonography in diabetic patients. Objective: This study evaluates changes in kidneys in patients presenting with type II diabetes mellitus having normal renal function test as compared to non-diabetics. Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted on 116 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by using convenient sampling technique. The study was conducted at Ultrasound Department of Gulab Devi hospital Hospital from July 2019 to September 2019. Results: Out of 116 patients there were 43(37.1%) female and 73(62.1%) were male. The mean age of the participants was 53.24 ±10.49. This study shows that the mean volume of Rt kidney was 1.229E2 ±38.39 ranging from 25ml to 218ml and mean volume of Lt kidney was 1.1691E2 ±41.96 ranging from 26ml to 231ml in patients presenting with DM Type 2 and mean parenchymal thickness of the Rt kidney 14.40 ±6 range from 0.86mm to 1.25mm and Lt kidney 13.7 ±5 range from1.2mm to 25mm.This study showed that mean volume of both kidneys and  parenchymal thickness increased in patients having diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Ultrasound is a reliable and easily available modality to detect renal changes and complications in earlier stages of Diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Type II diabetes mellitus, Renal changes, Ultrasonography

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/68-07

Publication date: November 30th 2019

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