Clinical Study of Ectopic Pregnancy in Al-Zahra Teaching

Mahassin Qassim Qaddori


An ectopic pregnancy is one in which fertilized ovum is implanted at the site other than normal uterine cavity.[1] Incidence of ectopic pregnancy is 1:160 deliveries.[2]Clinical presentation is variable from acute to chronic type. Due to its varied clinical presentation ectopic pregnancy poses great diagnostic difficulty both to obstetrician, physician and surgeons.[3]  OBJECTIVE: To find out incidence in our study population and to evaluate symptomatically and clinical presentation in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 34 ectopic pregnancies admitted and treated in Al-zahra Teaching Hospital from 2015 to 2020 are included in the study.   RESULTS: The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is more between the age group of 21-30years (73.52%) and in Multigravida 64.71%. Infertility and previous tubal surgery are the high risk factors for tubal pregnancy. Pain in abdomen was present in all 34 cases, amenorrhea in 97.05% and bleeding per vagina in 76.47% cases. Syncopal attacks, vomiting were detected in 14.70% cases. Acute ectopic pregnancy was detected in 14.71% and chronic in 85.29% cases. 82.35% cases presented with adnexal mass, 79.41% with cervical motion tenderness, 50% with pallor, 32.35% with abdominal lump and tenderness and 11.76% with fullness in POD.   CONCLUSION: Ectopic pregnancy is leading cause of maternal mortality in first trimester. In spite of advanced diagnostic techniques. It poses great diagnostic difficulties due to varied signs and symptoms. Previous tubal surgery pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility are the risk factors of tubal pregnancy.

KEYWORDS: Ectopic pregnancy, Salpingectomy, Ovarian pregnancy.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/81-03

Publication date:October 31st 2020

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ISSN 2422-8419

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