Estimation of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients with Normal BMI on Ultrasound

Umme Habiba, Laraib Afzal, Waqas Ahmad, Uttroba Shahid, Mansoor Bkhtiary, Rana Muhammad Athar Azeem Azeem Shams, Rana Muhammad Bakhtawar Khan Sajawal, Amna Babar


Background: Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease is common in adults and it is increasing in patients with normal BMI in Asian countries. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs not only in obese individuals but also in non-obese ones. The association between NAFLD and metabolic events in a non-obese population is also evident..

Objective: To estimate nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with normal BMI on ultrasound.

Methodology: Analytical Cross-sectional prospective study in which 59 patients were enrolled in the research. All the patient’s data had been composed from indoor of hospital, outdoor of hospital, DHA Medical Center, Lahore. After well-versed consent, data was composed through ultrasound machine. The data, such as patient characteristics, hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, were extracted from medical records, and statistical analysis was performed.

Results: The present study is retrospective cross sectional observational study.60 patients (29males 49.2% 31 female 50.8%) were enrolled in this study. According to abdominal ultrasonography, 72.9% of patients with normal BMI were diagnosed to have Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and identified to have fatty changes in the liver.

Conclusion: In our study we estimated that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was present in patients with normal body mass index by imaging the echotexture of liver on ultrasound. Having increased echogenicity, due to poor diet and other associated diseases such as high blood pressure, impaired fasting glucose and low HDL cholesterol patients were getting NAFLD.

Keywords: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), Body Mass Index (BMI), Ultrasonography (USG).

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/92-03

Publication date:August 31st 2021

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