Investigation of Mutagenic Effects of Pea Green and Anti-carcinogenic Effects of Several Plants Extracts in Drosophila Melanogaster Using Wing Spot

Aylin Yilmaz Cetinkaya, Selcuk Yurtsever


In the present study, Pea green (E 102 - E 133) is coloring additive for its genotoxic effects and expected antigenotoxic effects of several plant extracts; Hypericum perforatum L., Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Lavandula stoechas L. against the food coloring were examined using Wing spot test on Drosophila melonagaster in the laboratory experiments. The Drosophila lar-vae were chronically fed in food mediums where Pea green at 25 g/L, 50 g/L, and 75 g/L concen-trations were experimentally applied. The results showed that Pea green has highly significant results at different exposure concentrations in trans-heterozygous flies (mwh/flr3) and balanc-er-heterozygous flies (mwh/TM3) for inducing the numbers of mutant wing spots compared to control groups (Chi-Square test; df=3, P<0.001). Thus, it seemed that the food coloring is a highly mutagenic agent on Drosophila melanogaster in the laboratory conditions. On the other hand, the concentrations of Pea green were used together different plant extracts at 100 g/L concentra-tion in the mediums. The numbers of mutant wing spots were compared to control groups showed that the three plant extracts have not effects to reduce the mutant spots in mwh/flr3 and mwh/TM3 flies and thus they have not antigenotoxic effects used experimental treatments (Kruskal-Wallis test; df=2, P>0.05)

Keywords: Genotoxicity, antigenotoxicity; Pea green; Hypericum perforatum L.; Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Lavandula stoechas L.; Drosophila melanogaster Meigen; Wing spot test

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/94-06

Publication date:October 31st 2021

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