Psychosocial Factors as Predictors of Suicidal Ideation among undergraduates of University of Ibadan

Solomon Adekunle ODEDOKUN


This research was aimed at investigating the psychosocial factors predicting suicidal ideation among the undergraduate of University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Descriptive correlational design survey was adopted for this research. A sample size of 220 respondents was randomly selected for the purpose of this research. Valid and reliable instruments were used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using the Multiple Regression Analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that self-esteem (r=0.337, p<.01), family support (r=0.366, p<.01), hopelessness (r=0.417, p<.01) and religion (r=0.402, p<.01) had a positive significant relationship with suicidal ideation, while emotional intelligence (r = -.414, p<.01) had a negative relationship with suicidal ideation. Also, the joint contribution of the independent variables (Self-Esteem, Hopelessness, Emotional Intelligence, Family Support and Religion) on suicidal ideation was significant. Finally, it was revealed that the independent variables contributed to the dependent variable relatively as expressed below. Self-esteem (β = .774, t = 16.350 P<.01), emotional intelligence (β = -.318, t = -7.938 P<.01), family support (β = .301, t = 5.760, P <.01), hopelessness (β = .498, t = 10.388, P <.01), religion (β = .309, t = 7.531, P <.01) respectively.  The study recommends that the school administrators should establish counselling units in each faculty to bring counselling psychologists closer to the student for any assistance where necessary. The religious bodies such as Churches and Mosques should do everything to preach hopeful messages to their congregation. This is to enliven the students attending such programmes thereby giving them hope irrespective of their situation. Families should also provide the needed support that would boost the students’ self- esteem and worth. This may be in form of more affection, support for their aspirations and dreams etc. This is achievable through regular phone calls, visitations and other kinds of support where necessary by the family members and significant others.

Keywords: Hopelessness, Religion, Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence, Suicidal Ideation

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/101-07

Publication date:August 30th 2022

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