Performance of RS and BCH Codes over Correlated Rayleigh Fading Channel using QAM Modulation Technique

Damilare.O Akande, Festus K. Ojo, Robert O. Abolade


The quest for a reliable reception of the replica of a transmitted signal over wireless medium has become very important in the transmission and reception of information. In order to mitigate the effect of the degradation of the transmitted signal, error correction techniques are employed to reliably recover the erroneous bits inherent especially when the channel is in deep fading. In this paper, the performance of Reed Solomon (RS) and Bose-Chaudhuri-Hochquenghem (BCH) codes over correlated Rayleigh fading is presented. This work also investigated the effect of error correction code in the variation of the modulation order of the QAM. The simulation was carried out by encoding randomly generated data using both RS and BCH codes and then modulated by varying the modulation order of the quadrature amplitude modulation before transmitted over a correlated Rayleigh distributed channel. At the receiver, the received signal was demodulated and decoded. The bits in error received were detected and corrected to retrieve back the original transmitted signal. The system was evaluated in bit error rate and the result showed that BCH code performs better for higher modulation order.

Keywords: Correlated channel, Rayleigh fading, M-QAM, RS code, BCH code.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5782 ISSN (Online)2225-0506
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