Graine Yield and Yield Components Of Wheat Cultivar“Siran 2010” As Affected By Phosphorous Levels Under Rainfed Condition

Imran .


A field experiment to determine the sensible use of phosphorus was conducted at Agriculture Research Institute (N) Mingora Swat, Pakistan, during winter 2011-12 to find out the effect of best phosphorus level on wheat variety “Siran 2010”. Five different phosphatic fertilizer levels i.e. P1 (28), P2 (56), P3 (84), P4 (112) and P5 (128) kg P ha-1 keeping128 kg N ha-1 constant, were studied in randomized complete block design to evaluate their effect on germination count per unit area, number of fertile tillers m-2, 1000 grain weight, number of grains spike-1 and grain yield ha-1 of the crop. The results showed that maximum wheat yield of 3557 kg ha-1 was obtained in the plots where NP ratio was 1:1 i.e. 128- 128 kg ha-1 (P5N) indicating importance of phosphorus at its highest dose in achieving maximum wheat productivity. Maximum germination count and fertile tillers m-2 were obtained in plots treated with NP 128-84 kg ha-1 indicates that at germination stage seed uses its internal resources and does not depend largely upon external material. Similarly, maximum dose of phosphorus combined with fix N, yielded maximum number of grains spike-1 i.e. 26 in plots treated with 128-128 kg NP ha-1. Maximum phosphorus dose contributed in achieving highest 1000 grain weight and finally resulted in statistically significant grain yield ha-1. These findings indicate that application of the highest dose of phosphorus in combination with fix nitrogen, i.e. in 1:1 ratio contributed maximum to translocate dry matter and physiological attributes towards the yield attributes in wheat variety, “Siran 2010” and therefore maximum phosphorus dose helped in achieving highest number of grains spike-1, 1000 grain weight and ultimately wheat yield.

Key Words: Wheat, (Triticum aestivum), Phosphorus fertilizer, Yield and yield components,.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©