Improvement of the Quality of Cotton Fabric Through Functionalization of Tagetes minuta (TaMi) Dye

Isemeki J. Owino, Leonidah K. Omosa, John M. Onyari, Francis J. Mulaa, Richard K. Mibey


Non-functionalized and functionalized Tagetes minuta (TaMi) dye obtained using methanol and water showed varied fastness onto cotton fabric. Furthermore, HPLC profile of the methanol dye showed more peaks and hence was expected to be richer in secondary metabolites that impacted on the quality of the dye. This was confirmed from the IR spectrum which showed more functional groups from this dye as compared to the water dye. The functionalized methanol dye exhibited good fastness onto cotton textile and minimal bleaching effects, as compared to non-functionalized H2O and MeOH dye. Furthermore, the process involved the use of low quantities of the dye material/solution as compared to non-functionalized dye, hence resulting to less impact on environmental degradation. The colors of the textiles produced from the methanol functionalized dye were highly resistant to fading or running. The cotton fabric articles that were tri-mordanted at 80-90 °C and dyed using the functionalized dye exhibited uniform absorption of color of the dye and good fastness. Functionalization of the methanol TaMi dye was obtained by the reaction of the TaMi dye with 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (BDDE). The alum tri-mordanted textile materials produced brighter colors of brown as compared to the singly alum mordanted fabrics. This is due to the tannin factor in tri-mordants that led to the brightening effect. Furthermore, longer duration of time for tri-mordanting might have had a greater impact to the brightness effect. Additionally, characterization of the dye obtained using the two solvents was done using HPLC and IR. The formed functionalized dye has many applications as colorants in textiles, paints, inks, plastics, cosmetic articles and electronic materials.

Keywords: Cotton fabric, Tagetes minuta, dye, functionalized, 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether, colorants

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/11-16-02

Publication date:August 31st 2020

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