Sustainability Analysis of Superior Horticulture Agribusiness Development in East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia

Ernesta Leha, Surjono H. Sutjahjo, Rita Nurmalina, Syaiful Anwar, Rachman Kurniawan


The objectives of this study were (1) to identify superior horticulture commodities, (2) to calculate the magnitude of multiplier effects of superior horticulture commodities, (3) to determine the status of the sustainability of horticulture agribusiness development and (4) to determine the dominant attributes influencing the sustainability in East Sumba Regency. The analysis methods used in this study were superior commodities analysis, multiplier analysis and Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS). The results showed that (1) the superior horticulture commodities in East Sumba were mango and cucumber, (2) the multiplier effect values for mango and cucumber were 2.10 and 2.01; (3) the multidimension status of superior horticulture agribusiness development in East Sumba was in the less sustainable category with an index value of 49.37 while the status of social and institutional dimensions were in quite sustainable with index value of 50.23 and 50.76, but was less sustainable of the ecology, economy and technology dimensions with index value of 42.92, 49.01 and 46.76 and (4) the attributes which were dominant on the sustainability of superior horticulture agribusiness development in East Sumba Regency were the use of fertilizer and pesticides, cultivated land area, utilization of loan, extention and training intensity, exsistence of government service, community compherensive of green technology, land processing technic, conflic between farmer groups and the existence of farmer group.

Keywords: sustainability, agribusiness, horticulture, multi dimension scalling

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