Environmental, Economical and Social Implication of Jatropha: A Systematic Review

Yihunie Bekalu Babil


Jatropha curcas: from leaves, latex, roots, and seeds different bioactive or commercially important ingredients have been extracted using different methods. Jatropha curcas L is a multipurpose plant and a member of the family Euphorb eaceae with several application and considerable potential. The plant produces many useful products, especially the seed, from which oil can be extracted; this oil can be used as a feed stock for biodiesel. The extracted oil can also be used for making soap, glue, dye, etc. The leaves shoot latex, roots and seed oil has medicinal properties. The fruit exo carp (coat), seed shell and processed seed cake are rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium and can be used as fertilizer. Newly developed biotechnological processes related to the exploitation of J. curcas include the genetic improvement of the plant, biological pest control, enzyme-supported oil extraction, anaerobic fermentation of the press cake and the isolation of anti inflammatory substances and wound-healing enzymes. In General Jatropha curcas is a quick-growing and popular tree. It is a traditionally important medicinal plant and having various commercial applications.

Keywords: Jatropha, Application, Economic, Extraction

DOI: 10.7176/JRDM/74-01

Publication date:March 31st 2021

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