The Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production and Productivity, Ethiopia

Banata Belete


Climate and agriculture are highly interlinked, and one affects the other in many ways. In Ethiopia, climate change and associated extreme events are causing significant damage to life, property, natural resources and the economy by affecting climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture. In this respect, agricultural research plays an important role in identifying the risks of climate change and developing appropriate adaptation options. It is recognized that climate related risks need better understanding and strong national and international collaboration in identifying, developing and evaluating adaptation interventions. Adaptation to climate change requires forward-looking agricultural research based on new agro-ecological zones which take into account the changing climate and the advances in data availability. Climate change has been a significant issue since the end of the 20th century, and impacts a variety of economic sectors, primarily agriculture. The negative impacts of climate change on agricultural production are important because agriculture is closely linked to food security. Although they contribute the least to global pollution, it is estimated that African countries will be the most affected by climate variability. The results indicate that variable precipitation positively affects agricultural production, while the overall increase in annual mean temperature decreases agricultural production in ESA countries. Quantifying the impacts of climate change on agricultural production can help policymakers determine the best adaptation and mitigation measures.  Tackling Climate Change is closely linked to poverty alleviation and economic development.

Keywords: Climate change; Agricultural production, Impact

DOI: 10.7176/JRDM/84-03

Publication date: April 30th 2022

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