Gender Difference in Traumatic Experiences and Level of Post Trumatic Stress Disorder among Children Survivors in Areas Affected by the Post-Election of 2007/2008 in Nakuru County, Kenya

Jacinta Nduta King’ori, Peter Odera, Wycliffe A. Oboka


Gender differences have been observed in children experience of traumatic events as well in development of PTSD. Males have commonly been found to experience more traumas except for sexual assault while the female are more likely to develop PTSD after a traumatic event. In the 2007/2008 post-election violence in Kenya, both female and children were exposed to and witnessed various traumatic events.  Some may have developed anxiety disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the traumatic experiences of children during post-election violence and possibility of development of post-traumatic stress disorder among children survivors of 2007/2008 post-election violence in Nakuru county.  The study sought to determine gender difference in traumatic experiences and PTSD. The study utilized expost facto and correlational research designs. The study was guided by Cognitive Behavioral Theory. A sample size of 400 respondents was derived from areas affected by post-election violence in Nakuru county. A multi-stage sampling approach was used to derive the sample. Data for the study was obtained using questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses. The hypotheses were tested at significance level of 0.05. Significant gender difference was established in traumatic experiences and level of PTSD severity.

Keywords: Post-traumatic stress disorder, post-election violence of 2007/2008, gender, traumatic experiences.


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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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