The Cultural Background Of Toponim System Of Hamlets/Villages In Yogyakarta Special Province (An Antropolinguistic Study)

Prihadi ., H. D. Edi Subroto, Heddy Shri Ahimsa Putra


This study aimed to describe the hamlet / village toponym system be joined with the life aspect in Yogyakarta? Which is the dominant system? and its reasons. The study design used in this study was descriptive quantitative, while the research method used was the method of ethnography proposed by Spradley. Spradley ethnographic method contains five steps forward research workflow stages: determining the ethnographic research techniques, knowing the 12 basic steps ethnographic methods, taking gradually the 12 main sequences, learning to conduct ethnographic interviews during the research, analyzing and doing problem-solving activities. The main method of data collection was in-depth interviews as well as observation and documentation which were done as the companion method. The main data of this research study was the name of the villages and the main data sources were informants and documentation. Research instrument used were a list of descriptive questionnaires and structural observation sheets. The location of the research was decided by doing purposive sampling technique. The data analysis method used was the agih method by using directly divided elements (BUL-Bagi Unsur Langsung: Indonesian) technique and the historical-cultural method. The results attained in term of this research study showed that in terms of linguistic and culture: the aspects of life are (1) in the region of istanasentris: the village names were dominantly taken from the history of the kingdom of life-culture (Kraton), whereas in the area of nonistanasentris, the dominant name of the villages were derived from history or culture of everyday life. The farther the area is from the center of palace, the smaller the culture’s influence in naming the village. (2) The aspect of palace life dominated the naming villages in the area of istanasentris. Meanwhile, in the area of nonistanasentris, the aspects of plants’ world and folklore dominated the naming villages in the region.

Keyword: toponymy, ethnografi, linguistic, cultural-history

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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