Stakeholders Communication Effectiveness on Development Planning Consultation Forum in Banjar City West Java Province of Indonesia

Adhi Iman Sulaiman, Djuara P. Lubis, Djoko Susanto, Ninuk Purnaningsih


Demands and challenges in the era of democratization and decentralization have made changes in the development paradigm from centralized development (top down) into participatory development (bottom up) which is more extensive and provides more open opportunities toward society’s involvement as well as the aspirations at the local level (grassroots). It is realized through a forum for communication between stakeholders in the development planning consultation forum to formulate the plan, implementation and evaluation development. This study is aimed to analyze stakeholders communication effectiveness in the process and the results of development planning consultation forum in village and urban village. This study used quantitative explanative survey methods with path analysis. Data was collected through questionnaires with sampling gradually began by cluster sampling, Slovin formula and then stratified sampling. The location of study were in sub-district of Banjar and sub-district of Langensari in Banjar West Java Province of Indonesia. The results showed: The characteristic of stakeholders have significant effect 8.05% directly and total effect 17.05% to the communication effectiveness. The stakeholders aspirations either urgent aspiration or aspiration generated in the process of development planning consultation forum at villages/urban villages have significant effect 1.18% directly and total effect 5.59% to the stakeholder communication effectiveness. Media information accessed by the stakeholders have significant effect 5.17% directly and total effect 11.92% to the stakeholders communication effectiveness. The stakeholders communication process have significant effect 19.64% directly and the total effect 28,62% to the stakeholders communication effectiveness. Total effect of exogenous variables and intervening variable of stakeholders communication process, when running simultaneously have significant effect to the stakeholders communication effectiveness about aspects of knowing, trusting and participate in  the process and results of development planning consultation forum at villages and urban villages of 63.22%, while 36.72% are affected by other variables which had not been included in the model examined

Keywords: communication effectiveness, stakeholders, consultation forum, development

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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