The Formulation of Natural Disaster-Based Local Wisdom Values After Tsunami Disaster in Aceh Jaya District, Aceh Province, Indonesia

Erianjoni ., Dedi Hermon, Ratna Wilis


Local wisdom plays a role in the management of natural resources and environment. However, it also could not be separated from a great number of challenges, such as: the increase number of population, modern technology and culture, big cost, poverty and inequality. The prospect of local wisdom in the future is highly dependent on knowledge of the society, innovation on technology, market demand, the use and the preservation of biodiversity in the environment, and government policies that are directly related to the management of natural resources and environment as well as the role of the community. Krueng Sabee is one of the areas which is frequently hit by natural disasters in Kabupaten Aceh Jaya Provinsi Aceh. In that area, however, the efforts to adopt local wisdom values to mitigate natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, tsunamis and forest conservation are almost extinguished. The purpose of this research is to reformulate the values of local wisdom to mitigate natural disasters, ten years after tsunami hit Aceh. This is a case study that applied qualitative approach. The informants were chosen by using purposive sampling technique. The data were gathered through interview, FGD, observation and documentation study. The triangulation done referred to that of sources and method. The data obtained were analyzed by using ethnography qualitative data analysis proposed by James Spradley. In addition, AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) was applied. Based on the results of AHP analysis, it is figured out that there are five policies gotten: (a) curriculum, (b) learning evaluation, (c) traditional songs, (d) learning material, and (e) meunasah school. The policies are expected to create local-based geography learning process in accordance with nation-based geography education as geography is closely related to human and space. In this research, local wisdom values in the Aceh Jaya including floods, earthquakes, tsunamis and forest conservation are disclosed. The application of traditional culture-based geography education or efforts to realize nation-based geography education would affect the learning process which is meaningful in terms of regional context where the subject is taught.

Keywords: formulation, local wisdom values, disaster

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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