Multi-cultures on Nias Community

Tuti Rahayu


This study dealt with multi-cultures concerned on Nias community (the study about staged process in marriage ceremony). The study was conducted on district of Kabupaten Nias Utara Kecamatan Lahewa. In this dissertation discussed Nias society with multi-cultures that local people hold on and existed, applied in peaceful living,  assimilating  process,  adapted and all should accommodate. This study adopted qualitative research method with historical sociological approach. In collecting the data, in field by observation, interview and by documentation. Some findings in this research explored that in generally Muslim community of Nias is acknowledged comer arrived in minority derived originally of Aceh, Bugis and Minang ethnic group. The existence of Nias community in multi-cultures can be seen in assimilated of different religion, language and own culture. Although it is minority in society, their basic rights in hold religion and culture identity is maintained, to keep it due to existing social interaction process there generating mutual tolerance, solidarity and harmonious among those majority and minority community. Adopting mado local term is to recognize every society by local community and their existence is acceptable. The process of assimilation,  adaptation and accommodation are all applicative to the community of multi-cultures, however the assimilation of those majority and minority society existed on Kecamatan Lahewa seemly found some elements of minority community’s culture lost when minority community assimilated to local people such as about own-mother speech and Talifuso.  Coming-people-in should ignore own mother-speech and speak in majority community as communication tool. Talifuso as a resolution of conflict, originally known as local prudence that applicable to local community, in field the adaptation is well known as Aleale. Aleale is  a newly concept of cultures generated in combined of silat originally by minority people and warrior dance of majority belonging. With  accommodation, they applied it in marriage between majority community to minority that hold relative same in marriage ceremony but cultural elements of each group still hold on and make own self.

Keywords : multi-cultures, interacted, co-existence, ceremony

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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