Deviant Behaviour in Abusing Antitusive Drug Contains Dextrometorphan among Teenagers (Case Study in Bengkulu City)

Daisy Novira, Zamharira Muslim


The level of drug abuse and distribution at black market in Indonesia more than one percent of the population.  It can be seen from the study results of national narcotic agency (BNN ) that drug users in Indonesia reach 1.99 % of the population age 10-59 years. Based on the BNN study results, there are 11 kind of drugs often abused particularly by junkies such as marijuana, dextro, exctasy, luminal, valium, methadone, amethyst, fungi manure, inhalant, napacin and bodrex. Two out of the seven drugs were sold free and easy to obtain that are napacin and bodrex, and a generic drugs namely dextrometorphan. The general objective of this study is to find deviant behavior in abusing drug contains dextrometorphan among teenagers in Bengkulu city. This research used qualitative method with intrinsic case study design. The Research was carried out in the Bengkulu city, began with the observation at Pantai Panjang and develop into Bendungan Babatan Hulu Seginim according to the development of research process. The data collection was done through the search from various information sources such as observation, in-depth interviews and documentation study. This research used a snow ball method to get information from the drug use informants. Data collection was stopped when there was no new information, replication or repetition information and the data was saturated. The procedure of data analysis was themes analysis after receiving a description of the data collection. Themes analysis was conducted not to generalize but to understand the complexity of cases which studied. The analysis was done after the whole picture included in a depth interviews transcript. The next procedure is interpretative stage, and then made a report of meaning cases based on the results of research or learning in unusual situation. This stage is called as lesson learned. The results showed that teenagers as drug users because of friends invitation and they want to try it by themselves. They consumed 10 to 30 sachets per day mixed with tuak, torpedo or fillip for the purpose of obtaining pleasure, imagination, amusing themselves and releasing unburden mind. The drugs was affordable at stalls and mini market because of low price and without control that should be carried out by the authorized institution. Drug abuse containing dextrometorphan has become social phenomena, the government was required to pay special attention in supervision and controlling.

Keywords: deviant behaviour, teenagers, drug abuse, dextrometorphan


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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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