Effect of Strategic Leadership and Communication on Strategy Implementation in the Administration Police Service in Kenya

Ishaq Buya, Wilfred Kakucha, Fridah T. Simba, Anwar Ahmed


In order for organizations to achieve their goals and objectives, it is necessary for them to adjust to their environment through strategy. It is therefore imperative for the Police service in Kenya to understand their resources and the forces that shape organizational competition. However it has been known that significant number of strategic initiatives fail during their implementation since it has been recognized as the biggest challenge for organizations.Kenya’s Vision 2030 lays emphasis on security as crucial pillars for economic growth implying the police play a crucial role in creating the conditions in which development can take place. The Administration Police Service in trying to better its service delivery has so far drawn up three strategic plan with 2013-2017 being the current plan under implementation. However, there has been little change in the structure, accountability and attitude of the police service to match these plans. Despite experiencing numerous attacks, 5% of people in Lamu County view the police as a threat to local security and 25% of residents rated the police performance as quite bad while previous reports indicate that the police were slow in responding to attacks in the county.  This study therefore sought to find out the determinants of an effective strategy implementation in Administration police service in Kenya. Specifically the study sought to determine the influence of management style, communication, organizational culture and stakeholder involvement on effective implementation of strategies. The findings of this study will seek to fill the existing information gap on the issues impeding the implementation of the strategies at Administration Police Service as an instrument of modernizing the Administration Police which has been shown to be making slow progress on intended reforms in the service. The study adopted a cross sectional descriptive design involving survey of senior officers and 212 junior police officers. The senior police officers including County/Sub-county Commanders and head of Divisions were purposively sampled to respond to key informant interviews while junior officers stratified into divisions were randomly selected to respond to self-administered questionnaires. Quantitative data from the questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS version 20 which involved description using frequencies and percentages while factor analysis was used to draw up factors accounting for the highest variation in the variable of concern. The factors developed were then subjected to regression analysis. The results of the quantitative data were presented in form of graphs, charts and tables.

Keywords:  Police, strategy implementation practices, strategy, strategic leadership, communication.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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