The Effect of Urban Household Food Insecurity on Fertility in Lideta Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Ephrem Tadesse


Introduction: Despite investment and support for family planning in developing countries, some people living in poverty are hesitant to use modern birth control methods, and usage rates are insufficient. Improved reproductive health is directly related to enhanced nutrition, while optimal nutrition fosters superior reproductive health outcomes. This study aims to examine the relationship between household food insecurity and fertility in Lideta Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method: A study was conducted on 649 reproductive-age women in three randomly selected woredas from a sub-city from February to March 2023. Data was collected through a validated survey by trained individuals, and household income and expenditure were used to measure food insecurity access. Poisson regressions were used to examine the connection between household food insecurity and fertility, considering other covariates. Result: The result of the study shows that food insecurity status was a significant predictor of the mean number of children ever born. The rate of mean children ever born for women in food-secure households is expected to decrease by 50.9% more than for women with food insecurity. Similarly, the age of the mother, marital status, contraceptive use, women's income, and childhood mortality were significant in predicting the effect of the mean number of children ever born at P < 0.05.Conclusion: Household food insecurity exhibits a negative correlation with the number of children ever born. Thus, it is imperative to recognize food insecurity as a barrier that must be addressed when developing family planning services.

Keywords: Fertility, Children ever born, Food insecurity, Lideta Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/13-14-04

Publication date:August 31st 2023

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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