Effects of Computer Assisted Instructional Technique on Students’ Achievement in Financial Accounting in Colleges of Education in Southeast Nigeria

Callistus Ikechukwu Agboh


The study was conducted to determine the effects of Computer Assisted Instructional (CAI) technique onstudents’ achievement in financial accounting in Colleges of Education in Southeast Nigeria. Three researchquestions and three null hypotheses were developed to guide the study. The study adopted quasi-experimentaldesign. The population for the study was 558 NCE III students of financial accounting in the nine colleges ofeducation in Southeast Nigeria. The sample size for the study was 122 NCE III students of financial accountingfrom two randomly sampled Colleges of Education in Southeast Nigeria which include Federal College ofEducation, Eha-amufu, Enugu State, and Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri, Imo State. The instrumentfor data collection was 40-multiple choice Financial Accounting Achievement Test (FAAT). The instrument wasvalidated by three experts and the reliability was tested using Kuder Richardson 21 (K-R21) reliability method inwhich a coefficient of 0.81 was obtained. Data collected were analysed using mean and standard deviation foranswering the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used for testing the hypothesisat 0.05 level of significance. Based on data analyzed, the study found that students taught financial accountingwith computer assisted instructional method had significantly higher mean achievement score than the controlgroup that taught with conventional lecture method. The study also found that gender of the students had nosignificant (p<0.05) interaction effects with the treatment given to them. Based on these findings, the studyamong others recommended that colleges of education lecturers should adopt the use of computer assistedinstructional technique for effective teaching and learning of their students and that seminars and workshopsshould be organized to retrain the lecturers on the use of computer assisted instruction to enhance students’achievement.Keywords: Computer Assisted Instruction, Conventional Teaching, Achievement, Financial Accounting,Gender

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