Effect of Interest Rate Regulation on the Relationship Between Loan Lending Policies and Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya

Hellenn Araka, Simeyo Otieno, Vitalis Mogwambo


The first specific objective was to determine the relationship between credit risk management and financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. The second specific objective was to determine the effect of interest rate regulation on the relationship between loan lending policies and financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. The study used descriptive research design and the research philosophy used was positivism. The study adopted a census survey and purposive sampling method targeting 43 bank managers, 43 credit managers and 43 operations managers of the 43 commercial banks in Kenya for period 2013 to 2018. Document analysis guide was used to collect secondary quantitative data for period 2013 to 2018 from the commercial bank’s financial reports and questionnaires were used to collect primary data. The questionnaires which were administered to the respondents were structured. Content validity was used to determine the validity of the instruments. Data was analyzed using multiple linear regression method. The findings of the study revealed that loan lending policies; credit risk management measured by (non-performing loans and debt collection costs) have a significant and negative impact on ROA of commercial banks in Kenya. The study findings revealed that there exists a relationship between interest rate regulation, loan lending policies and financial performance of commercial banks. The study recommended that commercial banks should strengthen its loan lending procedures, use the services of Credit Reference Bureau, train credit officers on how to scrutinize customers and give out loans which have collateral security only.

Keywords: Loan lending policies, interest rate regulation, credit risk, non-performing loans financial performance, commercial banks

DOI: 10.7176/RJFA/12-4-05

Publication date: February 28th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1697 ISSN (Online)2222-2847

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