Human Relations and Behavioral Science Approach to Motivation in Selected Business Organizations in Kano Metropolis Nigeria

Salisu Lawan Indabawa, Zakari Uba


Theories of management are the basic background for the study of management, it is important for students and practitioners of management first to understand these theories. The objective of this paper is to bring to light the application of human relations and behavioral science approaches to motivation in selected business organizations in Kano metropolis in northern Nigeria, and lay a foundation for the understanding of these approaches to management. It also explored the relationship between motivation and employee performance in the organizations understudy. The paper made use of both primary and secondary sources of data, through the use of researcher designed questionnaires and also books, journals and magazines on management.  The paper found the use of incentive and bonus schemes in contemporary organizations and therefore recommends that despite many strides made since after the discovery of human relations/behavioral approaches which lead to the emergence of other theories, that the concept is still relevant and fashionable as such managers should embrace the idea of looking at the human/behavioral side of employees rather than concentrating on the mechanical aspects of the job alone. Through the use of psychology and sociology managers could despite the complex nature of human beings understand the behavior of their employees and try to stimulate greater productivity with the use of various motivational tools.

Keywords: Human, relations, behavioral, motivation, dissatisfaction, classical, theorists, approaches.

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

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