Assessing the Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality Practices on Human Resources Performances at Workplaces, Ghana

Charles Aidoo Tawiah, Augustina Kyeraa, Patrick Twumasi Frimpong, Hans Kwaku Duah


The way workers react to instructions, devote time for productive activities and leisure, dress codes, sharing of resources and responses to organisational calls, attitudes and behaviours are determined by their religion and spiritual beliefs. These practices at the working environment will either impede or enhance productivity. Religiosity and spirituality either positively or negatively affects employee’s performance in an organisational setting. Questionnaire, interview, observation and Focus Group Discussions were the main data collection techniques used in this study. Simple random sampling and simple proportion formula were used in selecting sample size for each organisation studied. The study revealed that there is highly significant association between religiosity/spirituality and employee’s performance which positively influenced productivity at workplaces. Benefits such as commitment, honesty and creativity enhanced productivity. It was empharcized that majority of employees who are highly religious and spiritual communicate with their Divine every day before they commenced their official functions at work places. Nevertheless, the study discovered that too much religiosity and spirituality reduced productivity because working hours will be used for practicing religion. The study therefore recommend that management must designate special areas for religious activities like prayers and meditations for the employees to dialogue with their maker and organisation’s policies must be reviewed to shape religious practices and spiritual activities at work places to reduce its influence on productivity in Ghana.

Keywords: Religiosity, Spirituality, Human Resources performances

DOI: 10.7176/EJBM/13-10-09

Publication date:May 31st 2021

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