Islamophobia in the West and Post 9/11 Era

Syed Attique Uz Zaman Hyder Bukhari, Hameed Khan, Tariq Ali, Hussain Ali


The concept of Islamophobia started from the crusade when Christianity challenged Islam. After the attack on World Trade Center, the West manipulated the concept and socialized its people about the fear and threat from Islam which actually does not exists because radical Islam or few people who are not practical Muslims, are not the representatives of whole Muslim states. The trade sanctions, misinterpretations on media about Islam, conflicts in Muslim states which are not resolved even in the presence of international organizations, are the hatred regimes by the West at intellectual level. Ideological dispersal, exploitation, wars, distortion by different ideological regimes and insurgency created within the Muslim society are the clear picture of hatred regime in the West against Islam. Thus, Islamophobia is now a fact rather than utopian idea. Secondary data sources along with the theory of social constructivism are being carried out in this paper.

Keywords: Islamophobia, Politics, Media, Misinterpretations, Organizations, Ideology, Campaigns, Dispersal, Utopia, crusade, hatred, regime

DOI: 10.7176/IAGS/78-04

Publication date: December 31st 2019

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