The Sociological Implication of State Creation in Nigeria And The Means of Resolving The Unforeseen Dispute

Emily Akintoye, Sunday Okungbowa Uhunmwuangho


The paper examines the Sociological Implication of State Creation in Nigeria and the Means of Resolving the Unforeseen Dispute. State creation in  a Federation is primarily aimed at promoting unity in diversity particularly among the various ethnic groups in a heterogeneous country such as Nigeria. The creations of states are also aimed at resolving boundary disputes and promote national development. However, the multiplication of states on the other hand, translates to the multiplication of administrative agencies particularly the bureaucracy. The constant increase in the number of these administrative agencies no doubt has a lot of consequences for their viability, crises, effectiveness and efficiency. This is because it weakens the administrative capacities of these bureaucracies since their existence and indeed their survival in terms of finances depends almost entirely on the central government. This paper infers that the exercise of uncontrolled creation of more states in Nigeria requires radical reorientation coupled with strong sociological/political  will for public bureaucracies at the state level to be able to meet their developmental and efficiency goals.  In the course of this study, the Sociological Implication of State Creation and The Means of Resolving the unforeseen Dispute in Nigeria were brought to the fore while the objectives of the study are well spelt out.  Hypotheses were postulated and the Modern Conflict Theory was used to explicate the works.  Data were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. From the primary sources, the survey method, that is, the use of questionnaire designed and adopted. Data obtained from this method were analyzed with the aid of Simple Percentage.  Thereafter, the five researchable hypotheses were tested and accepted while the null hypotheses were rejected.  The implication is that there was relationship between the dependent and independent variables.  Generally, the paper brought to focus that the Sociological Implication of State Creation and the Means of Resolving the unforeseen Crises is a collective effort in reaching a compromise in the management of Nigeria Political and Sociological affairs  and it has contributed immensely to the growth and development of crises management  else-where. The paper painstakingly appraises many of these issues and concludes that all stakeholders in the federal polity should thread softly, be objective, rational, altruistic and magnanimous in order not to make the existence of true federalism (sociological, political and economic cohesive existence of the people, peace and tranquility) a fleeting illusion and a mirage.

Keywords: State, Ethnic, Politics, Bureaucracy, Crises, Creation

DOI: 10.7176/JCSD/67-04

Publication date: February 28th 2022

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