Steep Analysis of Water Governance in Azad Jammu and Kashmir(AJK): An Exploratory Study

Sabahat Akram, Midhat Shahzad, Muhammed Bin Abrar, Mehroo shehzad


The River water is an essential and crucial resource for not only AJ&K but also for the economic and food security of Pakistan. The collective impacts of past and future infrastructural development specially roads and dams combined with the veracities of nature through earth quakes and climate change poses new threats and raises questions about the current regime of water governance in the entire region. At present, multiple institutions control different aspects of water governance in AJ&K. This study is a preliminary assessment of water governance efficacy in the region. The study is exploratory in nature based on primary data collected from  key stakeholders as  informants using the method of structured interviews of key informants. PESTLE/ STEEP analysis is done based on SWOT regarding the strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities regarding water governance in the region. The findings of this study suggest that the dis advantages of the current fragmented, multi institution regime of water governance in the region  are outnumbered by the advantages.

Keywords: AJ&K; water governance; Jhehlum River Basin; Watershed, Multi agency governance

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2222-1700 ISSN (Online)2222-2855

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©