Community Economic Development of the Coastal Area in Gianyar Regency of Bali Province, Indonesia

I Nyoman Rasmen Adi, I Nengah Dasi Astawa, I Nyoman Taun, I Ketut Mertasih Widjaja


Bali Province is one of the islands in Indonesia which is famous with beautiful beaches and marine potentials. As efforts to accelerate the development, built a bypass road along the coastline through three districts, including coastal areas of Lebih Village in Gianyar Regency. Since the construction of the bypass, land conversion of agricultural land jumped by a massive along the road.The purpose of this study are: (1) to analyze the potential of the economic base and economic development of coastal communities after the construction of by pass road infrastructure named Ida Bagus Mantra Road in the Lebih Village; (2) to analyze the factors that support the economic development of coastal communities in the Lebih Village; and (3) to design government policies to optimize economic development of coastal communities in the Lebih Village.The results showed that: (1) agriculture (especially rice cultivation) is still the basis of the economic potential of coastal communities in Gianyar. Nevertheless, the current income of coastal communities is not only from agricultural products, (2) has started a movement or the economic development of coastal communities toward nonagricultural such a small industry and households, trade, services and workers, (3) the direction of the local economy coast to nonagricultural driven by two factors i.e. internal factors and external factors and (4) the civil society hope that the local government will formulate a policy in favor of the society, so that local people can still exist in the dynamics of development. Then, in connection with the results of the study suggest that it should be encouraged to grow an entrepreneurial spirit of young people to take advantage of the opportunities available as a result of the dynamics of development in various fields. In addition to young people who have been doing well in to his farm in the broadest sense, should be given an award by the government, so it can be a motivation for other young people.As a follow up of the study the government is expected to facilitate in enhancing the capabilities and skills of the younger generation to be able take advantage of business opportunities and employment opportunities available. The government is also expected to make similar regulations to inhibit or narrow the rate of conversion of agriculture, especially the productive land. Therefore over the function of uncontrolled land can affect the existence of culture, especially the agrarian-based culture. On the other hand, the government is also expected to formulate a policy that is driven motivate young people to work in agriculture, so agriculture still exist in line with the dynamics of development in other fields.

Keywords: coastal communities, infrastructure development, economic development

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