An Investigation of the Socioeconomic Determinants of Obesity in Nigeria

Chika Ukaegbu, Hyacinth Ementa Ichoku


The ongoing demographic and epidemiologic transitions in Nigeria are some of the possible reasons why the prevalence of obesity is increasing in Nigeria. The economic impact of obesity in Nigeria may result to a decrease in productivity. It is based on this premise that this study investigates the socioeconomic determinants of obesity in Nigeria. The simultaneous equation model was used to analyse the study with a cross sectional data sourced from the Demographic and Health Survey 2013. A dummy variable was created to represent the regions in Nigeria. It was discovered that region has a greater impact on body mass index as it varies significantly across regions. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that sensitization programmes should be encouraged by the government at all levels to educate the people on the need for a proper diet and maintenance of a healthy life style.

Keywords: Demographic, Epidemiologic transitions, Obesity, Body mass index (B.M.I) Productivity, Socioeconomic determinants, Nigeria.

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