Aerobic Exercise Treatment Model as an Attempt to Improve Promotif and Preventive Functions of Pulmonary Capacity

Sulistyani ., Y. Denny Ardyanto W, Tahan P. Hutapea


Pulmonary function respiration system as important in the human body, the function provides oxygen (O2) from the outside of the body for the process of cell metabolism and removing carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) from the body. Function lung capacity is influenced by genetic, age, gender, height, pulmonary disease, smoking habit and custom of the sport. Aerobic exercises are done routinely run will cause the change form on the muscular system, circulatory system, cardiovascular system and ability of lung capacity function.  Response to aerobic exercise against pulmonary function capacity depending on exercise intensity, duration and frequency of exercise. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of aerobic exercise against pulmonary function capacity. This research is Experimental Quasy Study, with design of Pretest-Posttest with control group design. The sample amounted to 35 people. The results of the statistical analysis show that there is a significant influence of aerobic exercise to increased lung capacity function. The mean FVC after sports increased 1, 10% with p value = 0,017 and average FEV1 after sports increased 0, 23% with p value = 0,005. Time duration of exercise indicates the absence of effect on the changes in pulmonary function capacity (FVC p value = 0,494 and FEV1 p value = 0,805). Frequency of exercise 3 times a week showed the existence of significant influence towards increasing lung capacity function (FVC p value = 0,001 and  FEV1 p value = 0,000).

Key words: aerobic Exercise, time duration, frequency, FVC (Forced Vital Capacity), FEV1 (Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second)

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