Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Related to Malaria Control and Prevention Among Community Women in Rural Area of Lahore

Samina Yasmin, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Kousar Parveen, Syed Amir Gilani


Background It is one of the top 10 killer diseases in the world and about 40.0% of the World’s population is in high-risk malaria areas. Malaria is the second most prevalent disease in Pakistan. Globally annual estimates on the incidence of clinical malaria vary between 300 to 500 million and 1.5-2.7 million people die of malaria. One million estimated and 300,000 confirmed reported cases each year in Pakistan. . Previous studies showed that, there is a gap between knowledge, attitude and practices of Malaria control and prevention. Objective: The study purpose is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices among community women regarding malaria prevention and control in rural area of Lahore Pakistan. Methodology: The quantitative cross-sectional study design was used with convenient sampling (n=100) from women in rural area of Lahore. Using the self-administered questionnaire, data was analyzed on SPSS 21 version and application of chi-square test with (p=<0.05).Result: The respondents 100% were familiar with malaria word. They think that high temperature /Fever are the sign and symptoms of Malaria 90.3(93) replied yes because they were 93.3 % sure that fever is the sign and symptom of malaria. The participants 87.1% have knowledge about transmission of Malaria by mosquito bite. Moderately adequate knowledge was found and knowledge of disease transmission was significant associate with qualification. Qualification did effect on the attitude of participants. Qualification and practices did not have significant associated with each other. Conclusion: The every women should know about the transmission, nature of Malaria, preventions and precautions of Malaria. There is need to improve the knowledge and provide training especially preventive and control measure regarding Malaria disease.

Keywords: Malaria, Community women, Knowledge, Attitude, practi

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