Labour and Delivery Practices in Selected Primary Health Centres in Jos Metropolis, Plateau State

Oluwatoyin. A. Ogunyewo, Oyedele E Adetunji, Daniel O. Cletus, Ari, Samuel Eunice, Onyejekwe, Grace, Gaknung, Bonji K, Kumzhi, Patience, Yakubu, Naomi, Gyang, Chundung


Every labour and child delivery activity comes with a collateral vicissitude hence the need to be accurate in its handling toward producing positive outcome. This concern has immensely drawn the attention of the global stakeholders which found its expression in Sustainable Goal Development three (Target 1) aimed at reducing the maternal mortality globally. This study was necessitated by the fact that the level of maternal mortality in Nigeria is unacceptable which invariably makes a lot of practitioners and researchers uncomfortable hence the need to further make an inquiry into how delivery and labour activities are conducted. Evidence abounds that the maternal mortality rate in Jos follows the pattern of that of the nation as a whole. The study was carried out in the selected primary health centres within the two main local government areas that constitute Jos metropolis. The setting of the study was picked as it functions as the operational level of primary health care. The level of care sophistication is relatively low in this setting. The study adopted a descriptive, cross sectional and non-experimental research design. The study population comprised nurses and community health workers working in those primary health centres. Multisampling technique was used in selecting the health centres used in the study. The sample size was one hundred and thirty-five. Convenience sampling technique was adopted in accessing the respondents. A total of one hundred and thirty-three inclined thereby creating a response rate of 98.5%. The ethical injunctions guiding research were observed as the respondents’ informed consent was sought. Assurance was given in the aspects of confidentiality and anonymity. The right to withdraw clause was also emphasized. Data was analyzed using percentages and frequency counts. Results reveal the techniques embedded in labour and delivery as these include assessment of patient’s psychological readiness and foetal readiness for continuous maternal support; and use of partograph. Further, results indicate lack of adequately trained health workers, lack of cordial relationships between mothers and health personnel, inadequate facilities, and financial strain as the factors that affect labour and delivery practices in primary health centres in Jos Metropolis. The import of the findings is that efforts should be strengthened toward upgrading the skills of the health workers, and making adequate provision for needed resources.

Keywords: Labour, Delivery, Practices, Primary Health Centres

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/102-04

Publication date:September 30th 2022

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