Influence of Long-term Ingestion of Garcinia Kola Seed Diet on Sperm Count, Sperm Motility, and Fertility in the Wistar Rat

Mesembe, O. E, Asuquo, O. R, Fischer, V. A., Udoaffah, G. U., Mfem, C. C, Kalu, N. N.


The influence of long-term ingestion of Garcinia kola seed on the sperm count, sperm motility, and fertility was investigated in the rat. Twenty adult Wistar rats initially weighing between 150 and 160 g were randomly divided into 2 groups (A and B) of 10 rats each. Group A animals served as control and were fed normal rat feed. Group B rats were fed Garcinia kola seed diet, obtained by mixing 20g of Garcinia kola seed powder and 80g of rat feed (20% w/w). The animals were allowed their respective diets and tap water ad libitum for 8 weeks. The results obtained revealed that there was a significant difference (p< 0.05) between the sperm count (16.42 × 106 ± 5.25 × 106/ml) and sperm motility(8.72 ± 2.33%) of the treatment group (Group B) and the respective values of the control, sperm count (89.38 × 106 ±  3.68 × 106/ml) and sperm motility (75.56  ±  1.23%). The findings suggest that long- term ingestion of Garcinia kola seed diet may cause a significant reduction in sperm count, sperm motility, and ultimately infertility in the male wistar rat.

Keywords: Fertility; Sperm Count; Sperm Motility; Garcinia kola; Wistar rat.


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