A Review paper based on spectrum sensing techniques in Cognitive Radio Networks

MOHD Sajid Imam, Sheetal Ingle, Shabnam Ara


Natural frequency spectrum is scared resource; the efficient use of it can only accommodate the need of future computing world. But efficient use of it is not possible within the existing system, where the allocation of spectrum is done based on fixed spectrum access (FSA) policy. Many survey shows that it leads to under use of spectrum. For efficient utilization of spectrum innovative techniques is needed. using Dynamic spectrum access (DSA) policy we can exploiting the available spectrum, For given purpose Cognitive radio arises to be a tempting solution to the spectral congestion problem by introducing opportunistic usage of the frequency bands that are not heavily occupied by licensed users. This paper presents the study of different spectrum sensing techniques of cognitive radio networks. As we know Cognitive radio is a form of wireless communication where radio transceiver intelligently detects which spectrums are free which are not. After this it occupies the vacant one while avoiding busy one spectrum. Cognitive radios promote open spectrum allocation which is a clear departure from traditional command and control allocation schemes for radio spectrum usage. In short, they allow the formation of “infrastructure-less” collaborative network clusters—cognitive radio networks. However, how to detect free spectrum we have to use the spectrum sensing techniques, here we are describing all the spectrum sensing techniques and Finally concluded that cooperative sensing is better than Non-Cooperative sensing for primary user (PU) signal with  low SNR value.

Keywords- CRN, FSA, PU, DSA, SU, SNR..

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ISSN (Paper)2224-610X ISSN (Online)2225-0603

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