Multivariate Supply Model of Small-Scale Irrigation and Water Conservancy Facilities in China Rural Area

SUN Qigui, WANG Leisheng, CUI Yuanyuan


The supply of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities has received wide attentions from the academic circles. In China,the deficiency of providing public goods in rural areas have hindered rural and agricultural development, and restricted the modernization of governance in China to some extent.It is urgent to seek a way to solve these issues.Through history and comparative analysis, this paper first divides the supply model of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities into three categories on the basis of existing research, which are state centralized supply, self-financing farmers and multivariate supply; Secondly, we focus on launching a further research and refinement on multivariate supply model which is under way in current practice, and we proposed that four main actors and four stages constitute the multivariate supply model. Four main actors are government, farmers, NGOs and private sector and four stages refer to investment, construction, management and maintenance and usage; Thirdly , through the investigation and research of Z county in Anhui Province, we found that the small-scale irrigation and water conservancy in Z county is in general accord with the multivariate supply model. Specific performance is in the aspects of increasingly diverse investment channels, increasingly flexible construction ways and constant innovation of management and maintenance models, these characteristics verify the rationality and feasibility of multivariate supply model. Finally, we point out the matters needed to pay special attention when using multivariate supply model to effectively solve the problem in the process of supply of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities in Rural China.

Keywords: Small-scale Irrigation And Water Conservancy, Public Governance, Multi-participation, Supply Model

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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