Local Government Under Army Rule: A Comparative Analysis of Ayub khan and Zia ul Haq Local Government System

Syed Shahid Zaheer Zaidi


Pakistan is a country dominated by its military. In any such rule the government commences local government institutions in order to establish democracy at the core. In Pakistan the local government is the third branch of the regime and an integral part of the administration, because of its instrumental role in employing the ethics of democracy. Primarily study aims to examine and analyze the progress of Local Governments in Pakistan under the military regime of Ayub khan and Zia ul Haq. Secondarily, it is identifying the challenges faced by the system and to compare the similarities and differences between the local government systems.The local government system presented by Zia ul haq has some particular feature. Primarily, the provinces and the Federally Administered areas were given the freedom to make their own local government laws which led to the emergence of eight different ordinances. Secondly, for the rural and urban areas, same local government laws were made to avoid conflicts and to bring harmony in the rural and urban sectors by making it easy to comprehend. an invalidation of the guideline of democratic self-management in perspective of the inherent component of bureaucratic control which did not permit the delegate component to gain significant aptitude in the administration of local issues. To close, the period going before the destruction of Ayub Khan Regime, turned out to be a dim time in the historical backdrop of local government of Pakistan.

Keywords: Local Government, Military Regime, Political System

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/9-3-01

Publication date:March 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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