Implementation Study of Public Policies, Synergity of Policy for Defense Area and National Area Spatial in Grati Pasuruan

Kasih Prihantoro, Arif Darmawan, Zakariya ., Lukman Yudho Prakoso


The development of a global, regional and national strategic environment has led to the development of factual and potential threats that must be faced by Indonesia. A strong defense is needed that is supported by all available resources, one of which is related to the area of defense. This research will analyze the implementation of defense areas, especially military training areas in Grati Pasuruan. Problems arise in several regions of Indonesia related to defense areas, even to the point of causing fatalities as happened in the TNI AL Grati Pasuruan training area. For this reason, this research is aimed at analyzing how the spatial planning of defense policy is currently implemented. The theory used is the theory of Van Matter and Van Horn policy implementation. The method used in this research is a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The results showed that the implementation of the defense area policy could not be carried out, due to the finding of inhibiting factors, namely the lack of coordination from the regional government and the Ministry of Home Affairs in planning and ratifying the regional spatial planning, resulting in overlapping in the utilization of an area. The supporting factors are that all policies related to regional spatial regulation already exist. So that in this research suggestion is to bring back an independent government agency, whose task is to coordinate and make decisions regarding spatial planning, this independent institution will act as a policy force driver in national spatial planning. As a recommendation, the Pasuruan Regency regional regulation related to spatial planning to be evaluated and an independent institution be formed immediately by strengthening policies to the operational level.

Keywords: Defense Area, Spatial Planning, Implementation

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/9-11-04

Publication date: November 30th 2019


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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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