Effectiveness of Poverty Alleviation Policy (A Study on the Policy of Poverty Alleviation Gerbang Sadu Mandara)

Toto Noerasto, V. Rudy Handoko, Arif Darmawan, Anak Agung Gede Oka Wisnumurti


Since 2012 the Government of Bali Province has developed a for poverty alleviation program called Mandara Integrated Village Development Movement or  Gerbang Sadu Mandara (GSM). Budgeting policy of the program was firstly stipulated in a Regulation of the Government of Bali Province Number 11 Year 2011 on the 2012 Budget, Revenue, and Expenditure of Bali.  What distinguishes GSM from previous similar programs implemented by the government includes the amount of money distributed to the villages in the GSM program is relatively very much, that is 1.2 billion rupiahs.

Bungaya Village, Bebandem District, is one of the villages in Karangasem Regency became the target of GSM because it has poverty rate over than 35%.

The research applies descriptive qualitative analysis. It focuses on the problems of the effectiveness of the GSM Program on poverty alleviation and the factors becoming obstacles the program, and effective policy implementation model in reducing poverty at Bungaya Village, Bebandem District, Karangasem Regency.

The result of the research shows that the GSM program implemented at Bungaya Village is less effective (below 50%) in reducing poverty because it only reaches 34.15 % receiving the program and only 38.18 % could complete the program. Even though it is categorized as less effective, the program implementation has run well and received good responses from the community.

The GSM Program is not effective in reducing poverty at Bungaya Village, Bebandem District, Karangasem Regency because the participation of poor groups in the decision-making processes as from planning, implementation, and evaluation is very limited. The other factor obstructing the ineffectiveness of GSM Program at the village is the formal and informal policy makers at the village did not contribute extensively in the program.  Other agendas such as politic, social, and religion agendas were also carried out at the same period when the GSM program was being implemented at the village.

Based on the results of the research, reconstruction of poverty alleviation policy models should be tried to encourage poverty alleviation spirit by promoting collective awareness in order the village understands that poverty is a common enemy and increasing the participation of all parties in eradicating poverty.

Keywords: Government, budgeting policy, qualitative analysis, program implementation

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/10-7-04

Publication date:July 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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