The Livelihood Impacts of Resettlement Program, In Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia: A Propensity Score Matching Approach

Shamble Alemye


This study examined the impact of resettlement program on the livelihood of the settlers in Jawie Woreda resettlement site among many resettlement programs conducted in Ethiopia. The study has an objective to evaluate livelihood impact of the resettlement program to the program participants using main livelihood indicator. The data obtained through structured questioner from rural households both from control group (who are remained back home) and treated group (who participate in the resettlement program). The stratified followed by simple random sampling technique used to select respondents. Using the propensity score matching particularly the stratified matching method, the counterfactual group has been constructed. The data was analysis by descriptive and inferential statistics among control and treated groups. Within major livelihood security indicator the result shows that participants have less mean livelihood security score on access to institution, shelter/water sanitation, health and gender status security index before matching but on average they are better than nonparticipants but the overall livelihood impact of the program has been estimated among matched sample which is the average treatment effect of the program on treated is 0.037 livelihood index. Specifically, on access to institution, shelter/water sanitation, and gender status security index the treatment effect of the program has negative effect so that treated groups are less advantageous in those major indicators compared to the non-treated group.

Keywords: - Livelihood, Impact, and Resettlement

DOI: 10.7176/RJFA/12-5-04

Publication date:March 31st 2021


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