Effect of Branch Expansion on Cost Efficiency of Ethiopian Commercial BANKS. (Stochastic Cost frontier Approach)

Mache Tesfay Hailu


Banks are a vital parts of a nation’s economy that catalyzed Economic growth through facilitate spending and investment in the economy.Bank institutionis one and the top from the major financial institutions in Ethiopia.The number of all branches of the industry including public banks increased from year to year aggressively.Thus, the overall objective of this study was to investigate effect of branch expansion on cot efficiency Ethiopian commercial banks.Accordingly, from the population, Commercial banks operating in the country a total of 18, among these, 2 public and 16 private commercial banks (a total of 14 commercial banks) were included in the study period 2010/11-2018/19 based on non-probability, purposefully sampling method. The research used theprice of labor, prices of capital,Number of branches, annual inflation rate, real GDP growth, Total loan output, management performances, market share, capital adequacy ratio,liquidity risk, prices of deposit and total securities variables to measure cost efficiency. To this end, the study used secondary data from the NBE, balance sheets and income statements of individual commercial banks obtained from the period from to 2010/11 to 2018/9. Then nine years’ panel data of bank levelvariables has been collected and analyzed using stochastic cost frontier regression analysis. As a resultthe researcher concluded that stochastic frontier model as appropriate to represent inefficient operation among the commercial banks of Ethiopia .The Ethiopian commercial banks expanded their branches throughout the country’s territory; most of the bank branches were opened.Despite the various challenges, banks preferred to go ahead with its plan to open more branches to reach customers. However their cost efficiency had been decreased as of aggressively opened branches in the study years.Accordingly the analysis result Zemen bank was the most cost efficiency and become the best practiced bank and CBE the most inefficiency bank and in reverses also characterizes in branch expansion profile.The researcher recommended thatEthiopianbanking institutions should continue to innovate so as to reduce their cost inefficiencies. Moreover, NBE and government stand towards policy that forbids foreign banks entry, the Reserve required ratio amount, and competition environment and policy in opening branches must revised.

Keywords: Branch expansion, cost efficiency, Ethiopian commercial banks

DOI: 10.7176/RJFA/12-9-04

Publication date:May 31st 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1697 ISSN (Online)2222-2847

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