Personality in Contemporary Western Political Thought: Emmanuel MOUNIER as a Model



Objectives: Personality emerged in a historical era in which the world, Europe and France were witnessing the end of a civilization period that stretched from the end of the Middle Ages until the early twentieth century, characterized by being capitalist composition, liberalism of the method and the bourgeoisie of values. Rather, it is also in response to the materialist and existential atheist school of Marxism, with the aim of which is the further goal of remaking the Renaissance.One of the most important intellectual currents that appeared in France during the thirties of the twentieth century in addition to existentialism and phenomenology. Personality is based on an ethical principle based on its content, respect for the human person and its absolute value. It rises above the world of political and economic institutions that are nothing but methods in the service of the person.

Results: Personality arose with the French thinker (Charles Ronovier) in the late nineteenth century, but it did not witness its true revolution except with the French philosopher (Emmanuel MOUNIER) who developed this and idea and gave it a personal nature that is in harmony with the reality and living from it

Findings: Hence the hypothesis of our research labeled (Personality in Contemporary Western Political Thought: Emmanuel Monier as a model) was launched from the fact that personality has formed an intellectual trend and came to denounce the situation that has reached man, as it presented in its intellectual forms a new vision about the nature of man and his essence. To demonstrate the research hypothesis, we raise the following questions

What is meant by personality? What are its most important characteristics?

Who are the most prominent pioneers of personality? And were they able to present a new vision about man?

What is the relationship of personality to Marxism and existentialism ?

In light of the questions raised in the research hypothesis, the research was divided into four topics, in addition to the introduction and conclusion

Conclusion: Emmanuel Meniere's one of the most prominent pioneers who presented a vision of the person based on the merging of what is spiritual with what is material in the human being while giving precedence to what is spiritual, stressing that personality is based on communication and human relations, because the person does not perceive himself except with others And highlighting the priority of the self over the subject and the self-existence over the total perception, personality sought to present itself as a solution to the human crisis that appears economic and spiritual depth cultural or as an alternative to the worsening crisis multidimensional in Europe and others

Keywords: Contemporary Western  Political Thought Emmanuel Mounier. Personality

DOI: 10.7176/EJBM/13-7-05

Publication date: April 30th 2021


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