Literature Review Report on-“Work-Life Balance of Loco-Pilots (Railway Drivers) in India”

Rajesh Ranjan, T. Prasad


The railway driver is exposed to a demanding psychosocial work environment, which includes solitary work, limited opportunities for social contact and a heavy responsibility for operating the train (in terms of both safety and adhering to the timetable). The railway driver’s job, i.e. to operate the train, is largely governed by timetables and technical conditions (e.g. type of train, track area), which restricts the driver’s ability to decide for himself how the job is to be done. Railway drivers struggle to fulfill work and family responsibilities. This struggle is due to long hours, irregular and inflexible work schedules, and heavy workloads. Thus, work–family conflict can be a common work stressor for railway drivers. This paper deals with the quality of work life of Indian railways’ drivers and the factors that lead to an imbalance, causing high probability of accident. This paper discusses the working conditions and quality of life to the Indian railway drivers. This paper also briefly reviews concepts relevant to defining work-life balance. This  review of literature deals with the Work-Life balance of an Indian railways’ drivers to determine the working conditions and level of their work life balance which is having very high importance on their total wellbeing and hence their productivity and entire growth of an Indian railway.

Keywords: Railway driver, Working conditions, Stress and Work-life balance

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