The Nutritional Composition of Red Durians from Banyuwangi, Indonesia

Rusmiati ., Sumeru Ashari, M.Aris Widodo, Lutfi Bansir


Banyuwangi regency has red fleshed durians which grow naturally and also cannot be found in other areas because of it is an endemic species from Banyuwangi. The information about red durian nutrients compositions are not available yet, whereas those composition are important in determining of red durian nutrient composition, handling techniques, and further processes. This research was conducted to analyze the nutrient composition of eight (8) variant of Banyuwangi’s red durians, and compare the nutritional compositions of yellow and white durians which can be found around the location of  red durians. The eight variants of Banyuwangi’s red durians which used in this study are Serat, Serat Pink, Musang Merah, Tallun Jeruk, Sun rice of Java, Red Horny Jameela, Red King, and Pelangi. In this research, the nutrient content in 100 g of fresh durian flesh samples for 10 parameters were analyzed, such as protein (%), fat (%), carbohydrates (%), total sugar (%), calories (cal/g), vitamin C (mg/100g), Zinc (Zn) (ppm), iron (Fe) (ppm), potassium (K) (%), and sulfur (S) (%). Furthermore, the data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that Serat Pink durian has higher protein content than other red durians and white durians. All red durian have lower protein content than yellow durians. Tallun jeruk durian has higher fat, calories, and sulfur (S) content than other red durians, yellow and white durians. Red Horny Jameela durian has higher carbohydrate content than other red durians and white durians, but it is lower than yellow durians. Musang Merah durian contain the highest vitamin C and potassium (K) among other durians (red, yellow, and white). Pelangi durian has higher content of zink (Zn) and iron (Fe) than other red durians, white and yellow durians.

Keywords: Nutrient compositions, Red durians, Banyuwangi

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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