Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Analysis of Balanites aegyptiaca Kernel

A.J. Alhassan, I.U. Muhammad, A. Idi, M. A. Danagmbo, Y. Ramatu, A. Mohammad, A. Nasir, A.I. Yaradua, S.M. Adamu, I Alexander


Study on the evaluation of nutritional quality as well phytochemical screening of poorly utilized plant products is of immense importance. This research work was aimed at screening the phytochemicals as well as proximate analysis of Balanites aegyptiaca kernel using standard methods. Phytochemical screening of the kernel reveal the presence of Alkaloids, Cardiac glycosides, Flavonoids, Phytosterols, Reducing sugars, Saponins, Steroids, Tannins and Volatile oils with the absence of Anthraquinones and Phenolic compounds. Quantification of the phytochemicals content shows a high content of Saponins, Flavonoids, Cardiac glycosides, Alkaloids and Tannins. Proximate analysis of the kernel shows high Lipid and Protein content with very low carbohydrates and crude fiber, ash and moisture content.

Keywords: phytochemicals, proximate, Balanites aegyptiaca, and Kernel

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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