Pre-extension Demonstration and Evaluation of Bread Wheat Varieties in Metta and Jarso Districts of East Hararghe Zone

Abdulaziz Teha


The study was focused on demonstration of bread wheat technologies major wheat growing area in east Hararghe .The objectives were to evaluate and demonstrate improved bread wheat variety with their production package to the farmers and assess farmers’ feedback towards improved bread wheat technology. The activity was conducted in main cropping season 2019-2020 for two year at Jarso and Metta districts. A total of fourty (40) trial farmers were selected from two potential bread wheat growing Districts (Jarso and Metta). Four FRG having 60 farmers were established. Two improved bread wheat varieties along with local check (Senate, Liban and Local) were planted on the plot of 10mx10m per trial farmers. Yield data, economic data, farmers’ perception and preferences were collected and yield data were analyzed by using ANOVA. The results of ANOVA showed that yield of improved bread wheat showed statistically significant at 0.01% the probability level of between improved and local treatments. The yield performance of the improved varieties (Senate,Liban and local) were 36.83, 30.27 and 25.47 qt/ha at Afgug and 39.14,33.23 and 28.35 qt/ha at Dursitu Bilsuma respectively. Farmer preference of improved & local variety with improved management ranks Sennate 1st and Liban 2nd at both Jarso and Metta respectively. Generally, sennate with recommended package showed higher yield advantage than liban and local. Therefore senate variety it is recommended for further scaling up.

Keywords: Bread Wheat, Demonstration, Senate, Liban,Metta and Jarso

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/112-04

Publication date: January 31st 2022

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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