Assessment of Anchote Breeding and Its Physiological Adaptive Mechanisms for Moisture Stress

Afework Legesse


Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica), is a perennial climbing, monoecious root crop, endemic and indigenous to Ethiopia. It is the richest in protein, iron, calcium and phosphate contents with minimum anti-nutritional content as compared to other root and tuber crops. Despite its importance the production and productivity is hampered by biotic and abiotic factors. Among the abiotic factors drought stress is the most serious threat to world food security. Therefore, understanding the extent of drought stress and assessing the mechanisms of drought tolerance in plants is very crucial to devise different coping mechanisms with the stresses. The information generated in this review may serve as a guideline in future Anhote improvement programs in terms of moisture stress tolerance.

Keywords: Anchote, Breeding, Drought, Moisture stress, Physiology

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/120-01

Publication date:October 31st 2022


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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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