Study Dairy Cattle in the Region of Gharb: Case of Rural Commune Mograne

Mohammed. RHIAT, Hicham LABIOUI, Abel haq DRIOUICH, Youness. CHBAB, Mahjoub. AOUANE, Mohammed. OUHSSINE


The Green Morocco Plan emphasized in its objectives the emergence of agricultural development policy. The dairy sector is central. Commendable initiatives have been expressed by the learned society in all regions of Morocco and in all sectors. At our level, we have targeted the dairy sector in the rural municipality of Mograne of Gharb region.

From the standpoint of practical breeding and dairy cattle, an investigation was conducted. 26 farmers, 4 collectors and milk collection center were our target population. To achieve our mission, we relied on achieving a set of visits over a period of three months to the stables.

The developed diagnosis involves collecting information on the educational level of farmers, herd size (cows), conduct food, hygiene practices, the mode of milking, the state of the stables, the quantities of milk product ...

It comes out that breeders have a low educational level. No guidance in conduct of livestock they have been provided. The practices are traditional.

The amount of milk produced is related to race and the number of existing header in the stable. The structure of livestock farms investigated is essentially cross with a percentage of 73%. In second place comes the red local breed with 21%. The purebred is only 6% of the overall population.

The factors mentioned above associated with poor compliance with good hygiene practices are probably the cause of low milk production in the municipality of Mograne.

Mots clés : Pratiques d'élevage, production laitière, enquête,Key-Words: breeding practices, milk production, investigation, pratiques d'hygiène hygiene

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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