Analysis of Distribution Pattern of Rice Commodity in East Java

Susilo .


Rice has strategic roles in stabilizing food stability, economic stability, and politic stability of a nation. Food distribution is one of the food stabilities sub-system whose role is very strategic, thus if it cannot be implemented well and smoothly, it will cause inadequate food availibality needed by society.This research attempts to find out and to analyze the rice distribution pattern from surplus regions with rice commodity to the deficit regions located in East Java. The data used in this research were the data obtained from Central Buerau of Statistics of East Java in 2010-2014. The analysis method were descriptive statistics, DLQ (Dinamic Location Quotient), and Gravitation Spatial Analysis. The results confirmed that the central regions of rice in East Java were found in some regencies, such as:Banyuwangi, Mojokerto, Pasuruan, Malang, Madiun, Bojonegoro, Ngawi, Lumajang, Lamongan, and Jember. The rice commodity of Malang was city supplied from Malang and Pasuruan. The number of rice surplus in Malang could only fulfill the needs of rice in Malang city. However, the number of the rice still did not cover yet the deficit of rice in Malang city, so it needed more supplies from Pasuruan. The needs of rice in Kediri city and Batu city were supplied from Mojokerto regency and Pasuruan regency. Finally, in order to fulfill the needs of rice in Madiun city, it could be supplied from Madiun city, and for Surabaya city, it could be supplied from Lamongan regency.

Keywords: Distribution, rice, East Java.

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