Analyses of Cost and Revenue of Wheat Crop Production in District Musakhail, Balochistan

Muhammad Naeem


The study was conducted in Musakhail district of Balochistan Pakistan to analyses the cost benefit ratio of wheat crop total 40 wheat grower were selected for the study to find out the estimate costs and revenues of wheat production and share of different input costs in total cost of production of wheat in the study area the study reveal that Majority 19 (47.5%) of the respondent were of age group 31-40, while 7 (17.5%), 10 (20.0%), and 4 (10.0%) growers were of age group 21-30 and 41-50 and 51-60 years or above respectively. Based on the literacy level, farmers of the study area were categorized into 5 groups. First group was illiterate, while second, third, fourth and fifth groups were of education level 1-5 years, 6-8 years, 9-10 years, 11-12 years, and 13-16 years respectively. It was found  that out of total 40 farmers, 14 (35.0%) were illiterate while 6 (15.0), 4 (10%), and 11 (27.0%) 1 (2.5%) and 4 (10.0%) were having education level of 1-5 years, 6-8 years, 9-10 years, 10-12 and 13-16 years respectively. The average seed rate for wheat was 48.20 kg per acre in the study area. Cost of production of wheat was found to be Rs. 39265.0 per acre. The major factor of cost of production of wheat was labour cost of Rs. 8392.5 having 21.37% share in the total cost of production while the other factors of cost of production for wheat were seed cost, urea cost, DAP cost, farmyard manure cost, irrigation cost, chemical cost, Land preparation cost, threshing cost, marketing cost, and land rent (4.27%), (4.94%), (8.08%), (9.17%), (5.23%), (2.11%), (10.94%), (7.83%), (7.56%) and (18.48%) share in the total cost of production respectively. Majority of wheat growers (50.0%) were found to be facing by quality seed availability problem as their major problem on first priority while 27.5%, 15.0%, 37.5%, and 22.5% were facing pest control problem, Irrigation problem, marketing problem and other problems on their first priority respectively.

Keywords: Cost, Revenue, Wheat , Production, Musakhail.

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