Structural Analysis of Cattle Market in Kano State, Nigeria

Abdu, Z., A. Mustapha, A. B. Danbatta


The study examined the structure of cattle market of some selected markets in Kano State. A multi stage sampling technique was employed for the study in which purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of 2 markets, based on the concentration of the cattle marketing activities. The second stage involved random selection of 123 cattle marketers. The data were collected using structured questionnaire supplemented with focus group discussion. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Gini coefficient analysis. Result of descriptive statistics revealed a market structure based on the elements to have many buyers and sellers with cattle traded to be differentiated based on types and breeds of cattle. Entry and exit condition was free with buyers and sellers relatively informed about product and price of cattle. Forces of demand and supply determined the price of cattle. Result of Gini coefficient revealed a value of 0.70 implying a high market concentration and high level of inequality in size and distribution of marketers. The major constraints militating against the development of an efficient marketing system for cattle include inadequate credit, high cost of feeds, high road charges and poor pricing. Smooth access to credit facilities, provision of more infrastructural facilities, re activating of co-operative associations and provision of more grazing land were recommended.

Keywords: Structural, Analysis, Cattle, Market, Coefficient

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