Challenges of Providing Quality Physical Education. Evaluating Primary School Teachers’ Experiences in Some Selected Zones of South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State in Ethiopia



The purpose of the present study was to investigate teachers’ experiences of the challenges in providing quality physical education and, to compare the magnitude of these challenges in between the sampled Zones. The study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional survey design. Hence, Questionnaire of 6-point rating scales (Strongly Agree (5), Agree (4), agree a little bit (3), Disagree a little bit (2) ,  Disagree (1)  and strongly Disagree(0) was designed to enable respondents  rate their experiences of school-related, teacher-related and student-related challenges and  piloted in two (2) public primary  schools. Test-retest method was used to test the reliability and a correlation coefficient of 0.72 was obtained. The respondents were 210 (two hundred ten) physical education teachers from randomly selected Zones (35 teachers from each Zone). Hence, the total of 210 questionnaire were distributed and, 210 responses were received, a response rate of 100%.  Cronbach’s coefficient alpha was used to confirm the internal consistency reliability between items on each challenges (r=0.72). Data analysis was conducted by SPSS Version 25.  Descriptive statistics was used to show frequency and percentage of respondents back ground information, and the status of challenges experienced by teachers in sampled Zones, One-way ANOVA was computed to analyze the differences among challenges experienced by teachers in between Zones and LSD post hoc was conducted to determine which differ from the other in relation to challenges. The findings indicate that all selected zones have Institution/school-related, Teacher-related and Student-related challenges experienced by teachers. ANOVA analysis revealed that there was statistically significant difference in teacher-related challenges between   sampled Zones (F 5, 204 =4.912, P<0.05). it was also found out that there was no  significant difference in school- related challenges  between sampled Zones(P=0.088) and student-related challenges between sampled Zones( P=0.25).

Keywords: Institution/school-related challenges, Primary school, Quality Physical Education, Student-related challenges, Teacher- related challenges, Zones.

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